Borg El Arab
Salines to the west of Alexandria, is located on 27.6 million
square meters in a then naturally clean area away from sources of pollution which was reflected in the quality
of salt produced.
The production of Borg El Arab
for the years (2009/2010) 100 thousand tons amount.
Borg El Arab Saline was
established in 1982 on the basic design capacity of 500 thousand tons/ year.
When the saline began production
in 1989 agriculture drainage pollution was found in the concentration pond which led to a halt in production due to
the inability to run the saline, also found was infiltration and seepage of underground and sub surface water and
This could be due to the
increased agriculture use of the land in the 7 years since the establishment of the saline production
.This with the presence of
defects in the soil of the ponds since the establishment of the saline led to only partial use of the saline, we
did irregular small brine cycles from the saline in 2003
After intense efforts by the
company, the agriculture drainage was diverted by December 2006 which stopped completely the pollution in the
After stopping the agriculture
drainage, several studies were done by experts from the company on the alternatives of improving the situation in
the saline, and the production increased until it reached 100 thousand tons in 2009/2010.
In accordance with
recommendations of the general assembly to the company for the necessity of bringing in specialist experts in the
field of solar salines from abroad to identify the saline’s problems and propose procedures needed for improving
the situation. The company brought in 2 special experts in design and operation of the solar salines from
the United State, also in attendance was an expert from Belgiumemployed by the Solvay Company.
The experts submitted reports in
August 2009 and March 2010 and concluded that there are major defects.
The amounts of underground, sub
surface water and springs which infiltrated water in the ponds in undefined amounts from many sources and
The seepage from outside the
ponds in very large amounts.
The floors of the ponds are a
mixture of sand and clay (permissible).
Several proposals have been put
to improve the situation , all of which require further extensive studies and remedial work ,the cost of which will
be high, but by following the proposals it is expected to increase production by about double to 200 thousand
tons/year or more, but it is unlikely to reach 500 thousand tons /year .